醫學雜誌《刺針》:更多數據證明母乳餵哺可以拯救生命

A mother from Luhansk feeding her baby while taking part in the workshop “Breastfeeding and infant feeding of children in emergencies” organized by UNICEF in Kyiv on 14-15 July 2015. 


In Ukraine, over 1.3 million have been internally displaced as of 10 July 2015.  The security situation has remained volatile along the contact line in eastern Ukraine over the past month resulting in further displacement. According to UNICEF/CDC assessment among IDPs, only 1 in 4 internally displaced children under 6 months is exclusively breastfed. Moreover, in Ukraine 46% internally displaced mothers stopped breastfeeding of children under 6 months due to stress related to conflict. To support conflict-affected mothers, UNICEF equips them with knowledge to make sure mothers do not stop breastfeeding their children when they are displaced. Since January 2015, over 20,000 conflict-affected mothers have improved knowledge on benefits of exclusive breastfeeding.

In Ukraine, over 1.3 million have been internally displaced as of 10 July 2015.  The security situation has remained volatile along the contact line in eastern Ukraine over the past month resulting in further displacement. According to UNICEF/CDC assessment among IDPs, only 1 in 4 internally displaced children under 6 months is exclusively breastfed. Moreover, in Ukraine 46% internally displaced mothers stopped breastfeeding of children under 6 months due to stress related to conflict. To support conflict-affected mothers, UNICEF equips them with knowledge to make sure mothers do not stop breastfeeding their children when they are displaced. Since January 2015, over 20,000 conflict-affected mothers have improved knowledge on benefits of exclusive breastfeeding.
29 一月 2016

© UNICEF/UNI194033/Zavalnyuk

在烏克蘭基輔舉行的「母乳餵哺與災難中的兒童初生嬰兒餵哺」工作坊中,其中一名母親正餵哺母乳。

研究指母乳餵哺可降低兒童死亡率,及降低母乳餵哺的婦女罹患乳腺及卵巢癌的風險

 

華盛頓/紐約/香港,2016年1月29日—著名醫學雜誌《刺針》最新發表的一系列文,提出證據,指出改善母乳餵哺的方式,每年可拯救逾82萬名兒童的生命,其中90%是未滿6個月的初生嬰兒。

《刺針》雜誌所發表的最新研究顯示,提高母乳餵哺率,可防止近1/2初生嬰兒患上腹瀉,以及1/3初生嬰兒患上呼吸道感染疾病的機會。上述疾病是導致5歲以下初生幼兒死亡的兩大主要原因。

研究指出,媽媽若採用母乳餵哺,每年患上入侵性乳腺癌的機會可以減少6%。研究發現,按現時母乳餵哺的比例,全球每年兒童的死亡數字,已經減少近2萬人。如果改善母乳餵哺的方式,此數字甚至可以提高一倍。此外,媽媽延長母乳餵養時間,還可以降低罹患卵巢癌的機會。

聯合國兒童基金會總部營養部門負責人沃納‧舒爾廷克(Werner Schultink)指出,「無論對於富有國家或者貧國國家,投資在母乳餵哺,對婦女及兒童的健康,及該國的經濟,都有顯着的影響。」舒爾廷克同時說,「《刺針》為母乳餵哺的貢獻提供充足證據——證明母乳餵哺為兒童的生存、健康、成長及發展奠下良好基礎,為兒童預備更豐盛及可持續的未來。」

聯合國兒童基金會(UNICEF)表示,《刺針》亦指出母乳餵哺為高、中或低收入國家的婦女及兒童都能帶來同樣的好處。

《刺針》又發現,不採用母乳餵哺與認知能力減少有關聯,而這會影響創造收入的能力,當中做造成的經濟損失達每年港幣23,524.6億元(3,020億美元)。低、中收入國家按年損失超過港幣5,452.7億元(700億美元),而高收入國家則因低母乳餵哺率而損失逾港幣17,916.1億元(2,300億美元)。

UNICEF指出,由於母乳餵哺對母親及兒童的健康有多種好處,亦有經濟收益,各界應促請政府盡快實施政策及計劃,保護、宣傳及支持母乳餵哺。

這對於在職媽媽來說尤其重要。即使媽媽在產後一段時間便返回工作崗位,將減少她們持續餵哺母乳的機會,現時仍約有六成國家的產假法例,仍未達至國際勞工組織建議標準,即至少14個星期有薪產假。當哺乳媽媽返回工作場所,這些場所往往沒有足夠設施讓她們繼續母乳餵哺或泵奶。

沃納重申,《刺針》的結論反映提高母乳餵哺率將是達成可持續發展目標其中一環,尤其是與健康、兒童生存及教育有關的目標。

他說:「無論貧或富,母乳都是最天然、經濟、環保及常有的食物,為我們的下一代提供最好的營養。母乳餵哺是一個雙贏方案,我們必須好好考慮如何讓大家重視母乳餵哺。」

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